Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
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Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

A person who experiences a catastrophic event may develop ongoing difficulties known as Post.traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The traumatic event may have involved severe injury or a situation with life has been threatened (examples: victim or a witness of physical or sexual abuse, violence in the home or in the community, automobile accidents, natural disasters, etc)  Symptoms of Post-traumatic stress disorder typically start within three months of a traumatic event but n some cases they may take years to surface.  Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms may persist or they may come and go  Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms are generally grouped into three types:
!-intrusive memories. 2-Avoidance and numbing. 3- Increased anxiety or emotional arousal.

1-Symptoms of intrusive memories may include:
  • Flashbacks & reliving the traumatic event in the daily life
  • Dreams surrounding the traumatic event

2-Symptoms of avoidance and emotional numbing may include:
  • Avoiding thinking or talking about the traumatic event
  • Emotional numbness
  • Avoiding activities once enjoyed
  • Feelings of Hopelessness & helplessness
  • Trouble staying focused
  • Avoidance of forming close relationships

3-Symptoms of anxiety and increased emotional arousal may include:
  • Anger & mood irritability
  • Overwhelming guilt or shame
  • Self-destructive behavior, such as drinking, drugs, etc
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Hypervigilance and being easily startled or frightened
.    
A child with PTSD may re-experience the traumatic event by:
  • Reenacting the event over and over during play time.
  • Having frightening dreams
  • Acting or feeling like the experience is happening over and over
  • Developing repeated physical or emotional symptoms anytime the child is reminded of the event.
  • Worry about dying at an early age
  • Losing interest in activities
  • Refusing to go to school
  • Having physical symptoms such as headaches and stomachaches
  • Showing more sudden and extreme emotional reactions
  • Having problems falling or staying asleep                  
  • Sudden and more often angry outbursts
  • Having problems concentrating or staying focused
  • Regressed behavior or acting younger than their age ( clingy or whiny behavior, thumb-sucking, bed-wetting, etc)
  • Showing increased alertness to the surroundings 

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