Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
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Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

What is ADHD?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a condition that becomes apparent in some children in preschool and early school years. It affects 3-5% of school children. About 2 million children in the United state are diagnosed with this condition and at least one in a classroom of 25-30 children will have ADHD.  ADHD often continues into adulthood.
 
Symptoms of ADHD
The principle characteristics of ADHD are Inattention, Hyperactivity, and Impulsivity.  According to the most recent version of the DIAGNOSTIC and STATISTICAL MANUAL of MENTAL HEALTH (DSM IV-TR), a person with ADHD may show one of three patterns of behavior,
hyperactive & impulsive, inattentive, or combined type. 
 
How do you know if it is really ADHD?
Not everyone who is hyperactive, impulsive, or inattentive has ADHD. 
The diagnosis requires that such behavior be demonstrated to a degree
that is inappropriate for the person's age, the behavior must appear before
age 7 and continues for at least 6 months.  Above all the behaviors must
create a real handicap in at least two areas of a person's life such as in the
classroom, in the playground, in the community or at home. It is important that a child receive a though examination and appropriate diagnosis by a well qualified professional.
 
Diagnosing ADHD in Adults
Diagnosing ADHD in adults is not easy.  To be diagnose with ADHD, an adult must have childhood-onset as well as persistent and current symptoms. for an accurate diagnosis the history of the person's childhood behavior together with an interview with his partner, parent or any close associate or friend is needed
 
Treatment & Intervention Approaches for ADHD
  Psychotherapy
  Behavioral Modifications
  Support groups 
  Parenting skills training
  Medications


 

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